Chernivtsi

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(Redirected from Czernowitz)

Chernivtsi (Template:Lang-ua; Romanian: Cernăuţi; German: Czernowitz or Tschernowitz; Polish: Czerniowce; Hungarian: Csernovic; Yiddish: Tshernovits; {{lang-ru|Черновцы́, Chernovtsy) is a city in Northern Bukovina, Ukraine, capital of the Chernivtsi Oblast.

History

From 1775, the city was a part of the Austrian province of Bukovina, while before that it belonged to the Romanian principality of Moldavia. The Bukovinan cities of Siret and later on Suceava had been the first capitals of the principality. When Austria-Hungary was dissolved in 1918, the area around Chernivtsi became part of Romania, and this relationship continued until 1940 when it was occupied by the USSR. During the WWII the territory was returned to Romania and regained by the Soviet Union again, as part of the Ukrainian SSR. Since 1991, it is has been part of Ukraine.

It was the site of the first Yiddish language conference.

Population

Missing image
Tschernowitz_theater2.jpg
Chernivtsi, Theatre

The population of the city, as of January 1, 1998, is approximately 295,000 residents. Among these, there are some 172,000 Ukrainians, 46,000 Russians, 29,000 Romanians (divided into 16,000 Romanians and 13,000 Moldavians), 7,000 Poles, and others.

According to the data of the All- Ukrainian population census of 2001 the population of Chernivtsi is approximately 240,600 people of 65 nationalities. Among these numbers are Ukrainians, 189,000 (79,8%); Russians, 26,700 (11,3%); Romanians, 14,400 (6,1%); Polish 1,400 (0,6%); Jews, 1,300 (0,6%); and others, 2,900 (1,2%).

In Romania, the city is considered to have an illustrious history as one of Romania's greatest cultural and educational centres.

In May 1999, Romania opened its consulate general in the city.

External link

ja:チェルニフチ nn:Tsjernivtsi pl:Czerniowce ro:Cernăuţi sv:Tjernivtsi uk:Чернівці

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